Practical Pain Management 2008 – Class IV Therapy Lasers Maximize Primary Biostimulative Effects
The study examined the biological effects of laser therapy. When photons emitted by the laser reach the mitochondria and cell membranes, an increase is noted in cell metabolism and the signaling pathways required for wound repair. Cell migration, protein secretion, and cell proliferation increase. The effective depth of penetration is roughly 4 centimeters which are substantial for the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions
K-LASER USA 2015 – Internal Dosimetry: Combining Simulation with Phantom and Ex Vivo Measurement
Studies conducted with the K-laser device confirm that the energy emitted by the device is consistent with the expected outcomes. The dosages are consistent with the current understanding of photon emission, laser absorption, and the biological effects of biophotomodulation. This means that the protocols with the K-laser are precise and the outcomes are predictable for our patients.
Journal of Athletic Training 2012 – Limb Blood Flow after Class 4 Laser Therapy
Increased blood flow is an essential part of the natural healing process. This study demonstrates that laser therapy has been shown to improve blood flow to a treated region when dosed correctly. This study found that a 3-Watt laser treatment effectively increased the blood flow to the lower limb in healthy patients. Increased blood flow is one of the major proposed mechanism by which a class IV laser is superior to alternative therapies.
Wellman Center for Photomedicine – Mechanisms of Low-Level Light Therapy
Laser light was first used on mice to determine if laser radiation could cause cancer in mice. Instead of causing cancer, improved healing and reduced healing time were observed in the mice. Since this revolutionary observation, it has been determined that laser light causes a release of many different cellular chemicals that induce healing through a process called photobiomodulation. This article offers a summary of where laser therapy started and how it is evolving with time.